Top 10 Programming Languages of 2018 You Should Know | Simpliv

The technology world is expanding immensely with each passing year and months, as they are coming up with new trendier smartphones and tablets every other day and the competition too has grown tough in the market to stand at the highest position. That’s the reason programmers and web developers are in tremendous demand nowadays because they have a good knowledge of programming languages. Various programming languages are now available and each of them has distinct functions.

When you are just beginning, you might not know about these languages, but you can certainly make some efforts to learn about them and do mastery on at least one or more languages; then you can certainly gain a high-paid job for yourself in the industry. We have mentioned here 10 excellent programming languages of 2018 which you should learn and have a better idea.

1. Java

Java is considered as the perfect language for the developers and programmers to learn. Currently, it is the top-most programming language and has grabbed the highest position with Android OS yet again, though it was a bit down a few years ago. Java can be utilized for mobile-based applications, enterprise-level purpose, for creating desktop applications, and for establishing Android apps on tablets and smartphones.

2. PHP

The web developers should learn about PHP or Hypertext Preprocessor, a well-known programming language. With the help of PHP, you can enlarge a web app very quickly and effortlessly. PHP is the actual foundation of many strong content management systems, for example, WordPress. PHP is really a valuable programming language for the developers and programmers.

3. JavaScript

While you are expanding your site, JavaScript is extremely functional as this language can immensely assist you in generating the communication for your website. You can utilize various in style frameworks in JavaScript for constructing the superb user interface. When you’re into web development, it’s very important to know about JavaScript for making interactive web pages. JavaScript is applied for including animations on the web pages, loading fresh images, scripts or objects on web page, and craft hugely responsive user interfaces.

4. Python

For becoming skilled at all-in-one language, you should begin learning Python language that has the ability to expand web apps, data analysis, user interfaces, and much more, and frameworks are also available for these tasks. Python is utilized by bigger companies mostly that can evaluate vast data sets, thus this is a huge chance to learn it and be a Python programmer.

5. Objective-C

If you are the one who is interested in constructing apps for iOS, then you have to know about Objective-C language efficiently. The most preferred choice for all the web developers is Objective-C. When you have learned Objective-C, you can begin applying XCode that is known to be the authorized software development tool from Apple. This you can quickly produce an iOS app that can be noticeable in App Store.

6. Ruby

Another popular programming language is Ruby and Ruby on Rails. This can be learned easily, and also very strong and clear-cut. If you’ve small time in hand and still want to craft any project, then you can surely utilize Ruby language. This programming language is applied massively for web programming and hence turned out to be the ideal selection for the beginner companies.

7. Perl

Perl is also a well-accepted programming language that offers distinct tools for various obscure setbacks such as system programming. Though this programming language is a bit puzzling, it is really a strong one that you can learn for this year and renew your knowledge. Perl is mainly used for sites and web app expansion, desktop app development and system administration, and test automation that can be applied to testing databases, web apps, networking devices, and much more.

8. C, C++ and C#

You can increase your knowledge by learning about C this year that is a unique programming language. Being the oldest, it should be learned first when you start up, and it is mainly applied in forming different software.

C++ or C plus plus is a bit more progressive than C and utilized immensely in forming hardware speeded games. It is an ideal selection for strong desktop software as well as apps for mobiles and desktop. Known to be the strongest language, C++ is applied in vital operating systems, such as Windows.

After learning these 2, you can go ahead in knowing about C# language. It won’t be difficult for you to get accustomed with C# after knowing C and C++. C# is actually the prime language for Microsoft applications and services. While executing with .Net and ASP technologies, you are required to be familiar with the C# accurately.

9. SQL

When you are executing on databases such as Microsoft SQL Server, Oracle, MySQL, etc, you should be aware of SQL programming language or Standard Query Language. From this language, you can achieve the proficiency of acquiring the needed data from big and multifaceted databases.

10. Swift

Swift is reflected upon as the trendiest program language for expanding apps for Apple products. This language can be utilized by you for building up apps for iOS activated devices and Apple’s MAC in a quick and simple method. When you are keen to expand a superb iOS application, then it is better for you to gain knowledge of Swift programming language.

Hence, the above programming languages are known to be the best ones of 2018. So the developers and programmers should ensure that they’re updated regarding them. Knowing such programming languages will certainly take them to a greater level altogether in their career!



7 Best Online Java Programming Courses for Beginners | Simpliv

Spring Boot Microservices with JPA

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This course is a practical course which explains how to realise a microservice infrastructure in order to realise a full-stack web application composed by a “framework-less” Single Page Application and two restful Spring Boot microservices interacting with each other and with two different databases thanks to the implementation of the JPA (Java Persistence Api).

You’ll have the basis to generate fastly a microservice infrastructure, to organise your application using different layers according to the “SOLID” principle and following the MVC pattern.

You will have the instrument to organise your communication protocols using simple and effective rules, to implement restful web services which communicate with Json Messages.

This is course has the same topic of the Italian course Sviluppo Web a Microservizi con Java Spring Boot e Ajax” so it can easily considered as its English version. The example developed is different but with the same topics: microservices, Spring Boot, JPA and Rest calls.

Who is the target audience?

  • Anybody who wants to understand microservice infrastructure and the difference existing between monolithic application and microservices
  • Anybody who wants to learn Spring Boot and how to realize fastly a microservice infrastructure using this precious instrument
  • Anybody who wants to understand the difference between the classical use of Spring MVC and its implementation through Spring Boot
  • Anyone who wants to learn the basis of JPA (Java Persistence Api) in order to interact with Databases
  • Anyone who wants to learn how to implement Restful Web services using a microservice infrastructure
  • Anyone who wants to learn how to consume Restful web service either from the user interface than from server-side code
  • Anyone who want to have a basic idea on Single Page Applications and how they works
  • Anyone who wants to realise a full stack web application using the most modern technologies and approaches
  • Anyone who wants to learn how Ajax calls and javascript can be used to let our web pages become dynamics
  • Anybody who wants to understand how to generate a dynamic web page using multiple resources con temporarily

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Data Structures & Algorithms in Java

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This is an animated, visual and spatial way to learn data structures and algorithms

  • Our brains process different types of information differently – evolutionarily we are wired to absorb information best when it is visual and spatial i.e. when we can close our eyes and see it
  • More than most other concepts, Data Structures and Algorithms are best learnt visually. These are incredibly easy to learn visually, very hard to understand most other ways
  • This course has been put together by a team with tons of everyday experience in thinking about these concepts and using them at work at Google, Microsoft and Flipkart

What’s Covered:

  • Big-O notation and complexity
  • Stacks
  • Queues
  • Trees
  • Heaps
  • Graphs and Graph Algorithms
  • Linked lists
  • Sorting
  • Searching

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Programming And Coding Interviews

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Programming interviews are like standard plays in professional sport – prepare accordingly. Don’t let Programming Interview gotchas get you down!

  • Programming interviews differ from real programming jobs in several important aspects, so they merit being treated differently, just like set pieces in sport.
  • Just like teams prepare for their opponent’s playbooks in professional sport, it makes sense for you to approach programming interviews anticipating the interviewer’s playbook
  • This course has been drawn by a team that has conducted hundreds of technical interviews at Google and Flipkart

What’s Covered:

  • Pointers: Memory layout of pointers and variables, pointer arithmetic, arrays, pointers to pointers, pointers to structures, argument passing to functions, pointer reassignment and modification – complete with visuals to help you conceptualize how things work
  • Strings: Strings, Character pointers, character arrays, null termination of strings, string.h function implementations with detailed explanations
  • Linked lists: Visualization, traversal, creating or deleting nodes, sorted merge, reversing a linked list and many many problems and solutions, doubly linked lists
  • Bit Manipulation: Work with bits and bit operations
  • Sorting and searching algorithms: Visualize how common sorting and searching algorithms work and the speed and efficiency of those algorithms
  • Recursion: Master recursion with lots of practice! 8 common and uncommon recursive problems explained. Binary search, finding all subsets of a subset, finding all anagrams of a word, the infamous 8 Queens problem, executing dependent tasks, finding a path through a maze, implementing PaintFill, comparing two binary trees
  • Data Structures: Understand queues, stacks, heaps, binary trees and graphs in detail along with common operations and their complexity. Includes code for every data structure along with solved interview problems based on these data structures
  • Step-by-step solutions to dozens of common programming problems: Palindromes, Game of Life, Sudoku Validator, Breaking a Document into Chunks, Run Length Encoding, Points within a distance are some of the problems solved and explained

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Design Patterns – 24 That Matter – In Java

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  • Prerequisites: Basic understanding of Java
  • Taught by a Stanford-educated, ex-Googler, husband-wife team
  • More than 50 real-world examples

This is an intensely practical, deeply thoughtful, and quirky take on 24 Design Patterns that matter.

Let’s parse that.

  • The course is intensely practical, bursting with examples – the more important patterns have 3-6 examples each. More than 50 real-world Java examples in total
  • The course is deeply thoughtful, and it will coax and cajole you into thinking about the irreducible core of an idea – in the context of other patterns, overall programming idioms and evolution in usage
  • The course is also quirky. The examples are irreverent. Lots of little touches: repetition, zooming out so we remember the big picture, active learning with plenty of quizzes. There’s also a peppy soundtrack, and art – all shown by studies to improve cognition and recall
  • Lastly, the patterns matter because each of these 24 is a canonical solution to recurring problems

What’s Covered:

  • Decorator, Factory, Abstract Factory, Strategy, Singleton, Adapter, Facade, Template, Iterator, MVC, Observer, Command, Composite, Builder, Chain of Responsibility, Memento, Visitor, State, Flyweight, Bridge, Mediator, Prototype, Proxy, Double-Checked Locking and Dependency Injection
  • The only GoF pattern not covered is the Interpreter pattern, which we felt was too specialized and too far from today’s programming idiom; instead we include an increasingly important non-GoF pattern, Dependency Injection
  • Examples: Java Filestreams, Reflection, XML specification of UIs, Database handlers, Comparators, Document Auto-summarization, Python Iterator classes, Tables and Charts, Threading, Media players, Lambda functions, Menus, Undo/Redo functionality, Animations, SQL Query Builders, Exception handling, Activity Logging, Immutability of Strings, Remote Method Invocation, Serializable and Cloneable, networking
  • Dependency Inversion, Demeter’s Law, the Open-Closed Principle, loose and tight coupling, the differences between frameworks, libraries and design patterns

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Learn Java Programming -Live Free,Learn To Code

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  • Taught by a Stanford-educated, ex-Googler, husband-wife team
  • This course will use Java and an Integrated Development Environment (IDE). Never fear, we have a detailed video on how to get this downloaded and set up.
  • Hundreds of lines of source code, and hundreds of lines of comments – just download and open in your IDE!

A Java course for everyone – accessible yet serious, to take you from absolute beginner to an early intermediate level

Let’s parse that.

  • This is a Java course for everyone. Whether you are a complete beginner (a liberal arts major, an accountant, doctor, lawyer) or an engineer with some programming experience but looking to learn Java – this course is right for you.
  • The course is accessible because it assumes absolutely no programming knowledge, and quickly builds up using first principles alone
  • Even so, this is a serious Java programming class – the gradient is quite steep, and you will go from absolute beginner to an early intermediate level
  • The course is also quirky. The examples are irreverent. Lots of little touches: repetition, zooming out so we remember the big picture, active learning with plenty of quizzes. There’s also a peppy soundtrack, and art – all shown by studies to improve cognition and recall.


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Easy to Advanced Data Structures

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Data structures are amongst the most fundamental ingredients in the recipe for creating efficient algorithms and good software design. Knowledge of how to create and design good data structures is an essential skill required in becoming an exemplary programmer. This course will teach you how to master the fundamental ideas surrounding data structures.

Learn and master the most common data structures in this comprehensive course:

  • Static and dynamic arrays
  • Singly and doubly linked lists
  • Stacks
  • Queues
  • Heaps/Priority Queues
  • Binary Trees/Binary Search Trees
  • Union find/Disjoint Set
  • Hash tables
  • Fenwick trees
  • AVL trees

Course contents

This course provides you with high quality animated videos explaining a multitude of data structures and how they are represented visually. You will learn how to code various data structures together with simple to follow step-by-step instructions. Every data structure presented will be accompanied by some working source code (in Java) to solidify your understanding of that particular data structure. I will also be posting various coding exercises and multiple choice questions to ensure that you get some hands on experience.

Who is the target audience?

  • Individuals hungry for new knowledge
  • Students who want a fundamental understanding of data structures


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Fundamentals of Java with NetBeans

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This is a mini-course about the programming language Java. You will learn about how to install the NetBeans IDE together with Java, create your first project and start this project. The course will introduce you into commands, variables, conditional statements, methods, classes, inheritance and visibility modifiers.

This is a very short course about the Java language. It will teach the very basics. It is create for those who need a quick start maybe because they have to solve some exercise questions they received by their teachers as homework. Or it is intended for people who need a first feeling what Java is.

Who is the target audience?

  • All people who do not need a large course but a quick start for the programming language Java


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Top 200+ Java Interview Questions with Answers | Simpliv

Java Certification Courses -Java Programming Courses Training


Q1. Is Java platform independent?
Yes. Java is a platform independent language. We can write java code on one platform and run it on another platform. For e.g. we can write and compile the code on windows and can run it on Linux or any other supported platform. This is one of the main features of java.

Q2. What are the various access specifiers for Java classes?

Ans: In Java, access specifiers are the keywords used before a class name which defines the access scope. The types of access specifiers for classes are:

1. Public : Class,Method,Field is accessible from anywhere.

2. Protected:Method,Field can be accessed from the same class to which they belong or from the sub-classes,and from the class of same package,but not from outside.

3. Default: Method,Field,class can be accessed only from the same package and not from outside of it’s native package.

4. Private: Method,Field can be accessed from the same class to which they belong.

Q3. What all memory areas are allocated by JVM?
Heap, Stack, Program Counter Register and Native Method Stack

Q4. Java vs. C ++?
The following features of java make it different from the C++:

  • Simple
  • Multi-threaded
  • Distributed Application
  • Robust
  • Security
  • Complexities are removed (Pointers, Operator overloading, Multiple inheritance).

Q5. What is javac ?
It produces the java byte code from *.java file. It is the intermediate representation of your source code that contains instructions.

Q6. What’s the purpose of Static methods and static variables?

Ans: When there is a requirement to share a method or a variable between multiple objects of a class instead of creating separate copies for each object, we use static keyword to make a method or variable shared for all objects.

Q7. What is class?
Class is nothing but a template that describes the data and behavior associated with instances of that class


Q8. What is the base class of all classes?

Q9. What is data encapsulation and what’s its significance?

Ans: Encapsulation is a concept in Object Oriented Programming for combining properties and methods in a single unit.

Encapsulation helps programmers to follow a modular approach for software development as each object has its own set of methods and variables and serves its functions independent of other objects. Encapsulation also serves data hiding purpose.

Q10. Path and ClassPath
Path specifies the location of .exe files while classpath is used for specifying the location of .class files.


Q11. What is a singleton class? Give a practical example of its usage.

A singleton class in java can have only one instance and hence all its methods and variables belong to just one instance. Singleton class concept is useful for the situations when there is a need to limit the number of objects for a class.

The best example of singleton usage scenario is when there is a limit of having only one connection to a database due to some driver limitations or because of any licensing issues.

Q12. Different Data types in Java.

  • byte – 8 bit (are esp. useful when working with a stream of data from a network or a file).
  • short – 16 bit
  • char – 16 bit Unicode
  • int – 32 bit (whole number)
  • float – 32 bit (real number)
  • long – 64 bit (Single precision)
  • double – 64 bit (double precision)

Note: Any time you have an integer expression involving bytes, shorts, ints and literal numbers, the entire expression is promoted to int before the calculation is done.

Q13.What are Loops in Java? What are three types of loops?

Ans: Looping is used in programming to execute a statement or a block of statement repeatedly. There are three types of loops in Java:

1) For Loops

For loops are used in java to execute statements repeatedly for a given number of times. For loops are used when number of times to execute the statements is known to programmer.

2) While Loops

While loop is used when certain statements need to be executed repeatedly until a condition is fulfilled. In while loops, condition is checked first before execution of statements.

3) Do While Loops

Do While Loop is same as While loop with only difference that condition is checked after execution of block of statements. Hence in case of do while loop, statements are executed at least once.

Q14. What is Unicode?
Java uses Unicode to represent the characters. Unicode defines a fully international character set that can represent all of the characters found in human languages.

Q15. What are Literals?
A literal is a value that may be assigned to a primitive or string variable or passed as an argument to a method.

Q16. Dynamic Initialization?
Java allows variables to be initialized dynamically, using any expression valid at the time the variable is declared.

Q17. What is an infinite Loop? How infinite loop is declared?

Ans: An infinite loop runs without any condition and runs infinitely. An infinite loop can be broken by defining any breaking logic in the body of the statement blocks.

Infinite loop is declared as follows:

Q18. What is Type casting in Java?
To create a conversion between two incompatible types, we must use a cast. There are two types of casting in java: automatic casting (done automatically) and explicit casting (done by programmer).

Q19. Arrays?
An array is a group of fixed number of same type values. Read more about Arrays here.

Q20. What is BREAK statement in java?
It is also referred as terminator. In Java, the break statement can be used in following two cases:

  • It terminates a statement sequence in a switch-case statement.
  • It can be used to come out of a loop

Q21. Why can’t I do myArray.length () ? Arrays are just objects, right?
Yes, the specification says that arrays are object references just like classes are. You can even invoke the methods of Object such as toString () and hashCode () on an array. However, length is a data item of an array and not a method. So you have to use myArray.length.

Q22. How can I put all my classes and resources into one file and run it?
Use a JAR file. Put all the files in a JAR, then run the app like this:

Java -jar [-options] jarfile [args...]

Q23. Can I declare a data type inside loop in java?
Any Data type declaration should not be inside the loop.

Q24.What is the difference between continue and break statement?

Ans: break and continue are two important keywords used in Loops. When a break keyword is used in a loop, loop is broken instantly while when continue keyword is used, current iteration is broken and loop continues with next iteration.

In below example, Loop is broken when counter reaches 4.


In the below example when counter reaches 4, loop jumps to next iteration and any statements after the continue keyword are skipped for current iteration.

Q25. Advantage over jdk 1.0 vs. jdk 1.1 ?
Jdk1.1 release consists of Java Unicode character to support the multiple language fonts, along with Event Handling, Java security, Java Beans, RMI, SQL are the major feature provided.

19) java.lang.* get imported by default. For using String and Exception classes, you don’t need to explicitly import this package. The major classes inside this package are

  • Object class
  • Data type wrapper classes
  • Math class
  • String class
  • System and Runtime classes
  • Thread classes
  • Exception classes
  • Process classes
  • Class classes

Q26. What is the difference between double and float variables in Java?

Ans: In java, float takes 4 bytes in memory while Double takes 8 bytes in memory. Float is single precision floating point decimal number while Double is double precision decimal number.

Q27. Arrays can be defined in different ways. Write them down.

int arr[] = null;
int arr[][] = new int arr[][];
int [][] arr = new arr [][];
int [] arr [] = new arr[][];

OOPs Interview Questions

Q28. Four main principles of OOPS language?

  • Inheritance
  • Polymorphism
  • Data Encapsulation
  • Abstraction

Q29. What is inheritance?
The process by which one class acquires the properties and functionalities of another class. Inheritance brings reusability of code in a java application. Read more here.

Q30. Does Java support Multiple Inheritances?
When a class extends more than one classes then it is called multiple inheritance. Java doesn’t support multiple inheritance whereas C++ supports it, this is one of the difference between java and C++.  Refer this: Why java doesn’t support multiple inheritance?

Q31.  What is Final Keyword in Java? Give an example.

Ans: In java, a constant is declared using the keyword Final. Value can be assigned only once and after assignment, value of a constant can’t be changed.

In below example, a constant with the name const_val is declared and assigned avalue:

Private Final int const_val=100

When a method is declared as final,it can NOT  be overridden by the subclasses.This method are faster than any other method,because they are resolved at complied time.

When a class is declares as final,it cannot be subclassed. Example String,Integer and other wrapper classes.

Q32. What is Polymorphism and what are the types of it?
Polymorphism is the ability of an object to take many forms. The most common use of polymorphism in OOPs is to have more than one method with the same name in a single class. There are two types of polymorphism: static polymorphism and dynamic polymorphism, read them in detail here.

Q33. What is the method overriding?
It is a feature using which a child class overrides the method of parent class. It is only applicable when the method in child class has the signature same as parent class. Read more about method overriding here.

Q34. Can we override a static method?
No, we cannot override a static method.

Q35. What is ternary operator? Give an example.

Ans: Ternary operator , also called conditional operator is used to decide which value to assign to a variable based on a Boolean value evaluation. It’s denoted as ?

In the below example, if rank is 1, status is assigned a value of “Done” else “Pending”.


Q36. What is method overloading?
Having more than one method with the same name but different number, sequence or types of arguments is known is method overloading. Read more about it here.

Q37. Does Java support operator overloading?
Operator overloading is not supported in Java.

Q38. Can we overload a method by just changing the return type and without changing the signature of method?
No, We cannot do this.

Q39. How can you generate random numbers in Java?


  • Using Math.random() you can generate random numbers in the range greater than or equal to 0.1 and less than 1.0
  • Using Random class in package java.util

Q40. Is it possible to overload main() method of a class?
Yes, we can overload main() method as well.

Q41. What is the difference between an Inner Class and a Sub-Class?

Ans: An Inner class is a class which is nested within another class. An Inner class has access rights for the class which is nesting it and it can access all variables and methods defined in the outer class.

A sub-class is a class which inherits from another class called super class. Sub-class can access all public and protected methods and fields of its super class.

Q42. What is default switch case? Give example.

Ans: In a switch statement, default case is executed when no other switch condition matches. Default case is an optional case .
It can be declared only once all other switch cases have been coded.

In the below example, when score is not 1 or 2, default case is used.

Q43. What is the difference between method overloading and method overriding?
There are several differences; You can read them here: Overloading Vs Overriding.

Q44. What is static and dynamic binding?
Binding refers to the linking of method call to its body. A binding that happens at compile time is known as static binding while binding at runtime is known as dynamic binding.

Q45.  What’s the base class in Java from which all classes are derived?

Ans: java.lang.object

Q46. What is Encapsulation?
Encapsulation means the localization of the information or knowledge within an object.
Encapsulation is also called as “Information Hiding”. Read it here in detail.

Q47. Abstract class?
An abstract class is a class which can’t be instantiated (we cannot create the object of abstract class), we can only extend such classes. It provides the generalized form that will be shared by all of its subclasses, leaving it to each subclass to fill in the details. We can achieve partial abstraction using abstract classes, to achieve full abstraction we use interfaces.

Q48. What is Interface in java?
An interface is a collection of abstract methods. A class implements an interface, thereby inheriting the abstract methods of the interface. Read more about interface here.

Q49. What is the difference between abstract class and interface?
1) abstract class can have abstract and non-abstract methods. An interface can only have abstract methods.
2) An abstract class can have static methods but an interface cannot have static methods.
3) abstract class can have constructors but an interface cannot have constructors.

Q50. Which access modifiers can be applied to the inner classes?
public ,private , abstract, final, protected.

Q51. Can main() method in Java can return any data?

Ans: In java, main() method can’t return any data and hence, it’s always declared with a void return type.

Q52. What are Constructors?
Constructors are used for creating an instance of a class, they are invoked when an instance of class gets created. Constructor name and class name should be same and it doesn’t have a return type.

Q53. Can we inherit the constructors?
No, we cannot inherit constructors.

Q54. What are Java Packages? What’s the significance of packages?

Ans: In Java, package is a collection of classes and interfaces which are bundled together as they are related to each other. Use of packages helps developers to modularize the code and group the code for proper re-use. Once code has been packaged in Packages, it can be imported in other classes and used.

Q55. Can we mark constructors final?
No, Constructor cannot be declared final.

Q56. What is default and parameterized constructors?
Default: Constructors with no arguments are known as default constructors, when you don’t declare any constructor in a class, compiler creates a default one automatically.

Parameterized: Constructor with arguments are known as parameterized constructors.

Q57.  Can we declare a class as Abstract without having any abstract method?

Ans: Yes we can create an abstract class by using abstract keyword before class name even if it doesn’t have any abstract method. However, if a class has even one abstract method, it must be declared as abstract otherwise it will give an error.

Q58. Can a constructor call another constructor?
Yes. A constructor can call the another constructor of same class using this keyword. For e.g. this() calls the default constructor.
Note: this() must be the first statement in the calling constructor.

Q59. Can a constructor call the constructor of parent class?
Yes. In fact it happens by default. A child class constructor always calls the parent class constructor. However we can still call it using super keyword. For e.g. super() can be used for calling super class default constructor.

Note: super() must be the first statement in a constructor.

Q60. What’s the difference between an Abstract Class and Interface in Java?

Ans: The primary difference between an abstract class and interface is that an interface can only possess declaration of public static methods with no concrete implementation while an abstract class can have members with any access specifiers (public, private etc) with or without concrete implementation.

Another key difference in the use of abstract classes and interfaces is that a class which implements an interface must implement all the methods of the interface while a class which inherits from an abstract class doesn’t require implementation of all the methods of its super class.

A class can implement multiple interfaces but it can extend only one abstract class.

Q61.THIS keyword?
The THIS keyword is a reference to the current object.

Q62. Can this keyword be assigned null value?
No, this keyword cannot have null values assigned to it.

Q63. Explain ways to pass the arguments in Java?
In java, arguments can be passed in 2 ways,

Pass by value – Changes made to the parameter of the subroutines have no effect on the argument used to call it.
Pass by reference – Changes made to the parameter will affect the argument used to call the subroutine.

Q64. What is static variable in java?
Static variables are also known as class level variables. A static variable is same for all the objects of that particular class in which it is declared.

Q65. What are the performance implications of Interfaces over abstract classes?

Ans:  Interfaces are slower in performance as compared to abstract classes as extra indirections are required for interfaces. Another key factor for developers to take into consideration is that any class can extend only one abstract class while a class can implement many interfaces.

Use of interfaces also puts an extra burden on the developers as any time an interface is implemented in a class; developer is forced to implement each and every method of interface.

Q66. What is static block?
A static block gets executed at the time of class loading. They are used for initializing static variables.

Q67. What is a static method?
Static methods can be called directly without creating the instance (Object) of the class. A static method can access all the static variables of a class directly but it cannot access non-static variables without creating instance of class.

Q68. Does Importing a package imports its sub-packages as well in Java?

Ans: In java, when a package is imported, its sub-packages aren’t imported and developer needs to import them separately if required.

For example, if a developer imports a package university.*, all classes in the package named university are loaded but no classes from the sub-package are loaded. To load the classes from its sub-package ( say department), developer has to import it explicitly as follows:

Import university.department.*

Q69. Explain super keyword in Java?
super keyword references to the parent class. There are several uses of super keyword:

  • It can be used to call the superclass(Parent class) constructor.
  • It can be used to access a method of the superclass that has been hidden by subclass (Calling parent class version, In case of method overriding).
  • To call the constructor of parent class.

Q70. Use of final keyword in Java?
Final methods – These methods cannot be overridden by any other method.
Final variable – Constants, the value of these variable can’t be changed, its fixed.
Final class – Such classes cannot be inherited by other classes. These type of classes will be used when application required security or someone don’t want that particular class.

Q71. Can we declare the main method of our class as private?

Ans: In java, main method must be public static in order to run any application correctly. If main method is declared as private, developer won’t get any compilation error however, it will not get executed and will give a runtime error.

Q72. What is a Object class?
This is a special class defined by java; all other classes are subclasses of object class. Object class is superclass of all other classes. Object class has the following methods

  • objectClone () – to creates a new object that is same as the object being cloned.
  • boolean equals(Object obj) – determines whether one object is equal to another.
  • finalize() – Called by the garbage collector on an object when garbage collection determines that there are no more references to the object. A subclass overrides the finalize method to dispose of system resources or to perform other cleanup.
  • toString () – Returns a string representation of the object.

Q73.  How can we pass argument to a function by reference instead of pass by value?

Ans:  In java, we can pass argument to a function only by value and not by reference.

Q74. What are Packages? 
A Package can be defined as a grouping of related types (classes, interfaces, enumerations and annotations )

Q75. What is the difference between import java.util.Date and java.util.* ?
The star form (java.util.* ) includes all the classes of that package and that may increase the compilation time – especially if you import several packages. However it doesn’t have any effect run-time performance.

Q76. How an object is serialized in java?

Ans: In java, to convert an object into byte stream by serialization, an interface with the name Serializable is implemented by the class. All objects of a class implementing serializable interface get serialized and their state is saved in byte stream.

Q77. Garbage collection in java?
Since objects are dynamically allocated by using the new operator, java handles the de-allocation of the memory automatically when no references to an object exist for a long time is called garbage collection. The whole purpose of Garbage collection is efficient memory management.

Q80. Use of finalize() method in java?
finalize() method is used to free the allocated resource.

Q81. When we should use serialization?

Ans: Serialization is used when data needs to be transmitted over the network. Using serialization, object’s state is saved and converted into byte stream .The  byte stream is transferred over the network and the object is re-created at destination.

Q82. How many times does the garbage collector calls the finalize() method for an object?
The garbage collector calls the finalize() method Only once for an object.

Q83. What are two different ways to call garbage collector?
System.gc() OR Runtime.getRuntime().gc().

Q84. Can the Garbage Collection be forced by any means?
No, its not possible. you cannot force garbage collection. you can call system.gc() methods for garbage collection but it does not guarantee that garbage collection would be done.

Q85. Is it compulsory for a Try Block to be followed by a Catch Block in Java for Exception handling?

Ans: Try block needs to be followed by either Catch block or Finally block or both. Any exception thrown from try block needs to be either caught in the catch block or else any specific tasks to be performed before code abortion are put in the Finally block.

Q86. What is an exception?
Exceptions are abnormal conditions that arise during execution of the program. It may occur due to wrong user input or wrong logic written by programmer.

Q87. Exceptions are defined in which java package? OR which package has definitions for all the exception classes?
This package contains definitions for Exceptions.

Q88. What are the types of exceptions?
There are two types of exceptions: checked and unchecked exceptions.
Checked exceptions: These exceptions must be handled by programmer otherwise the program would throw a compilation error.
Unchecked exceptions: It is up to the programmer to write the code in such a way to avoid unchecked exceptions. You would not get a compilation error if you do not handle these exceptions. These exceptions occur at runtime.

Q89. Is there any way to skip Finally block of exception even if some exception occurs in the exception block?

Ans:  If an exception is raised in Try block, control passes to catch block if it exists otherwise to finally block. Finally block is always executed when an exception occurs and the only way to avoid execution of any statements in Finally block is by aborting the code forcibly by writing following line of code at the end of try block:

Q90. What is the difference between Error and Exception?
Error: Mostly a system issue. It always occur at run time and must be resolved in order to proceed further.
Exception: Mostly an input data issue or wrong logic in code. Can occur at compile time or run time.

Q91. What is throw keyword in exception handling?
The throw keyword is used for throwing user defined or pre-defined exception.

Q92. When the constructor of a class is invoked?

Ans: The constructor of a class is invoked every time an object is created with new keyword.

For example, in the following class two objects are created using new keyword and hence, constructor is invoked two times


Q93. What is throws keyword?
If a method does not handle a checked exception, the method must declare it using the throwskeyword. The throws keyword appears at the end of a method’s signature.

Q94. Difference between throw and throws in Java
Read the difference here: Java – throw vs throws.

Q95. Can static block throw exception?
Yes, A static block can throw exceptions. It has its own limitations: It can throw only Runtime exception (Unchecked exceptions), In order to throw checked exceptions you can use a try-catch block inside it.

Q96. Can a class have multiple constructors?

Ans: Yes, a class can have multiple constructors with different parameters. Which constructor gets used for object creation depends on the arguments passed while creating the objects.

Q97. What is finally block?
Finally block is a block of code that always executes, whether an exception occurs or not. Finally block follows try block or try-catch block.

Q98. ClassNotFoundException vs NoClassDefFoundError?
1) ClassNotFoundException occurs when loader could not find the required class in class path.
2) NoClassDefFoundError occurs when class is loaded in classpath, but one or more of the class which are required by other class, are removed or failed to load by compiler.

Q99. Can we have a try block without catch or finally block?
No, we cannot have a try block without catch or finally block. We must have either one of them or both.

Q100. Can we override static methods of a class?

Ans: We cannot override static methods. Static methods belong to a class and not to individual objects and are resolved at the time of compilation (not at runtime).Even if we try to override static method,we will not get an complitaion error,nor the impact of overriding when running the code.

Q101. Can we have multiple catch blocks following a single try block?
Yes we can have multiple catch blocks in order to handle more than one exception.

Q102. In the below example, what will be the output?


Ans: Output will be:

Displaying from subclass

Displaying from superclass

Q103. Is it possible to have finally block without catch block?
Yes, we can have try block followed by finally block without even using catch blocks in between.

Q104. Is String a data type in java?

Ans: String is not a primitive data type in java. When a string is created in java, it’s actually an object of Java.Lang.String class that gets created. After creation of this string object, all built-in methods of String class can be used on the string object.

Q105.  In the below example, how many String Objects are created?


Ans: In the above example, two objects of Java.Lang.String class are created. s1 and s3 are references to same object.

Q106. When a finally block does not get executed?
The only time finally won’t be called is if you call System.exit() or if the JVM crashes first.

Q107. Can we handle more than one exception in a single catch block?
Yes we can do that using if-else statement but it is not considered as a good practice. We should have one catch block for one exception.

Q108. Why Strings in Java are called as Immutable?

Ans: In java, string objects are called immutable as once value has been assigned to a string, it can’t be changed and if changed, a new object is created.

In below example, reference str refers to a string object having value “Value one”.


When a new value is assigned to it, a new String object gets created and the reference is moved to the new object.

Q109. What is a Java Bean?
A JavaBean is a Java class that follows some simple conventions including conventions on the names of certain methods to get and set state called Introspection. Because it follows conventions, it can easily be processed by a software tool that connects Beans together at runtime. JavaBeans are reusable software components.

Q110. What’s the difference between an array and Vector?

Ans: An array groups data of same primitive type and is static in nature while vectors are dynamic in nature and can hold data of different data types.

Q111. What is Multithreading?
It is a process of executing two or more part of a program simultaneously. Each of these parts is known as threads. In short the process of executing multiple threads simultaneously is known as multithreading.

Q112 What is the main purpose of having multithread environment?
Maximizing CPU usage and reducing CPU idle time

Q113. What is multi-threading?

Ans: Multi threading is a programming concept to run multiple tasks in a concurrent manner within a single program. Threads share same process stack and running in parallel. It  helps  in performance improvement of any program.

Q114. What are the main differences between Process and thread? Explain in brief.
1)  One process can have multiple threads. A thread is a smaller part of a process.
2)  Every process has its own memory space, executable code and a unique process identifier (PID) while every thread has its own stack in Java but it uses process main memory and shares it with other threads.
3) Threads of same process can communicate with each other using keyword like wait and notify etc. This process is known as inter process communication.

Q115. How can we create a thread in java?
There are following two ways of creating a thread:
1)  By Implementing Runnable interface.
2)  By Extending Thread class.

Q116. Why Runnable Interface is used in Java?

Ans: Runnable interface is used in java for implementing multi threaded applications. Java.Lang.Runnable interface is implemented by a class to support multi threading.

Q117. What are the two ways of implementing multi-threading in Java?

Ans: Multi threaded applications can be developed in Java by using any of the following two methodologies:

1. By using Java.Lang.Runnable Interface. Classes implement this interface to enable multi threading. There is a Run() method in this interface which is implemented.

2. By writing a class that extend Java.Lang.Thread class.

Q118. Explain yield and sleep?
yield() – It causes the currently executing thread object to temporarily pause and allow other threads to execute.

sleep() – It causes the current thread to suspend execution for a specified period. When a thread goes into sleep state it doesn’t release the lock.

Q119. When a lot of changes are required in data, which one should be a preference to be used? String or StringBuffer?

Ans: Since StringBuffers are dynamic in nature and we can change the values of StringBuffer objects unlike String which is immutable, it’s always a good choice to use StringBuffer when data is being changed too much. If we use String in such a case, for every data change a new String object will be created which will be an extra overhead.

Q120. What is the difference between sleep() and wait()?
sleep() – It causes the current thread to suspend execution for a specified period. When a thread goes into sleep state it doesn’t release the lock

wait() – It causes current thread to wait until either another thread invokes the notify() method or the notifyAll() method for this object, or a specified amount of time has elapsed.

Q121. What’s the purpose of using Break in each case of Switch Statement?

Ans: Break is used after each case (except the last one) in a switch so that code breaks after the valid case and doesn’t flow in the proceeding cases too.

If break isn’t used after each case, all cases after the valid case also get executed resulting in wrong results.

Q122. What is a daemon thread?
A daemon thread is a thread, that does not prevent the JVM from exiting when the program finishes but the thread is still running. An example for a daemon thread is the garbage collection.

Q123. What does join( ) method do?
if you use join() ,it makes sure that as soon as a thread calls join,the current thread(yes,currently running thread) will not execute unless the thread you have called join is finished.

Q124.  How garbage collection is done in Java?

Ans: In java, when an object is not referenced any more, garbage collection takes place and the object is destroyed automatically. For automatic garbage collection java calls either System.gc() method or Runtime.gc() method.

Q125 Preemptive scheduling vs. time slicing?
1) The preemptive scheduling is prioritized. The highest priority process should always be the process that is currently utilized.
2) Time slicing means task executes for a defined slice/ period of time and then enter in the pool of ready state. The scheduler then determines which task execute next based on priority or other factor.

Q126 Can we call run() method of a Thread class?
Yes, we can call run() method of a Thread class but then it will behave like a normal method. To actually execute it in a Thread, you should call Thread.start() method to start it.

Q127. How we can execute any code even before main method?

Ans: If we want to execute any statements before even creation of objects at load time of class, we can use a static block of code in the class. Any statements inside this static block of code will get executed once at the time of loading the class even before creation of objects in the main method.

Q128. Can a class be a super class and a sub-class at the same time? Give example.

Ans: If there is a hierarchy of inheritance used, a class can be a super class for another class and a sub-class for another one at the same time.

In the example below, continent class is sub-class of world class and it’s super class of country class.

Q129. What is Starvation?
Starvation describes a situation where a thread is unable to gain regular access to shared resources and is unable to make progress. This happens when shared resources are made unavailable for long periods by “greedy” threads. For example, suppose an object provides a synchronized method that often takes a long time to return. If one thread invokes this method frequently, other threads that also need frequent synchronized access to the same object will often be blocked.

Q130. What is deadlock?
Deadlock describes a situation where two or more threads are blocked forever, waiting for each other.

Serialization interview Questions

Q131.  How objects of a class are created if no constructor is defined in the class?

Ans: Even if no explicit constructor is defined in a java class, objects get created successfully as a default  constructor is implicitly used for object creation. This constructor has no parameters.

Q132.  In multi-threading how can we ensure that a resource isn’t used by multiple threads simultaneously?

Ans: In multi-threading, access to the resources which are shared among multiple threads can be controlled by using the concept of synchronization. Using synchronized keyword, we can ensure that only one thread can use shared resource at a time and others can get control of the resource only once it has become free from the other one using it.

Q133. What is Serialization and de-serialization? 
Serialization is a process of converting an object and its attributes to the stream of bytes. De-serialization is recreating the object from stream of bytes; it is just a reverse process of serialization. To know more about serialization with example program

Q134. Do we need to implement any method of Serializable interface to make an object serializable?
No. In order to make an object serializable we just need to implement the interface Serializable. We don’t need to implement any methods.

Q135. What is a transient variable?
1) transient variables are not included in the process of serialization.
2) They are not the part of the object’s serialized state.
3) Variables which we don’t want to include in serialization are declared as transient.

Q136. Can we call the constructor of a class more than once for an object?

Ans:  Constructor is called automatically when we create an object using new keyword. It’s called only once for an object at the time of object creation and hence, we can’t invoke the constructor again for an object after its creation.

Q137. There are two classes named classA and classB. Both classes are in the same package. Can a private member of classA can be accessed by an object of classB?

Ans: Private members of a class aren’t accessible outside the scope of that class and any other class even in the same package can’t access them.

Q138. Can we have two methods in a class with the same name?

Ans: We can define two methods in a class with the same name but with different number/type of parameters. Which method is to get invoked will depend upon the parameters passed.

For example in the class below we have two print methods with same name but different parameters. Depending upon the parameters, appropriate one will be called:


Q139. How can we make copy of a java object?

Ans: We can use the concept of cloning to create copy of an object. Using clone, we create copies with the actual state of an object.

Clone() is a method of Cloneable interface and hence, Cloneable interface needs to be implemented for making object copies.

Q140. What’s the benefit of using inheritance?

Ans: Key benefit of using inheritance is reusability of code as inheritance enables sub-classes to reuse the code of its super class. Polymorphism (Extensibility ) is another great benefit which allow new functionality to be introduced without effecting existing derived classes.

Q141.  What’s the default access specifier for variables and methods of a class?

Ans: Default access specifier for variables and method is package protected i.e variables and class is available to any other class but in the same package,not outside the package.

Q142. What’s the access scope of Protected Access specifier?

Ans: When a method or a variable is declared with Protected access specifier, it becomes accessible in the same class,any other class of the same package as well as a sub-class.

Access Levels
public Y Y Y Y
protected Y Y Y N
no modifier Y Y N N
private Y N N N

Q143. What’s difference between Stack and Queue?

Ans: Stack and Queue both are used as placeholder for a collection of data. The primary difference between a stack and a queue is that stack is based on Last in First out (LIFO) principle while a queue is based on FIFO (First In First Out) principle.

Q144. In java, how we can disallow serialization of variables?

Ans: If we want certain variables of a class not to be serialized, we can use the keyword transient while declaring them. For example, the variable trans_var below is a transient variable and can’t be serialized:


Q145.  How can we use primitive data types as objects?

Ans: Primitive data types like int can be handled as objects by the use of their respective wrapper classes. For example, Integer is a wrapper class for primitive data type int. We can apply different methods to a wrapper class, just like any other object.

Q146. Which types of exceptions are caught at compile time?

Ans: Checked exceptions can be caught at the time of program compilation. Checked exceptions must be handled by using try catch block in the code in order to successfully compile the code.

Q147. Describe different states of a thread.

Ans: A thread in Java can be in either of the following states:

  • Ready: When a thread is created, it’s in Ready state.
  • Running: A thread currently being executed is in running state.
  • Waiting: A thread waiting for another thread to free certain resources is in waiting state.
  • Dead: A thread which has gone dead after execution is in dead state.

Q148. Can we use a default constructor of a class even if an explicit constructor is defined?

Ans: Java provides a default no argument constructor if no explicit constructor is defined in a Java class. But if an explicit constructor has been defined, default constructor can’t be invoked and developer can use only those constructors which are defined in the class.

Q149. Can we override a method by using same method name and arguments but different return types?

Ans: The basic condition of method overriding is that method name, arguments as well as return type must be exactly same as is that of the method being overridden.  Hence using a different return type doesn’t override a method.

Q61.What will be the output of following piece of code?


Ans: In this case postfix ++ operator is used which first returns the value and then increments. Hence it’s output will be 4.

Q150. Give an example of use of Pointers in Java class.

Ans: There are no pointers in Java. So we can’t use concept of pointers in Java.

Q151.  How can we restrict inheritance for a class so that no class can be inherited from it?

Ans: If we want a class not to be extended further by any class, we can use the keyword Final with the class name.

In the following example, Stone class is Final and can’t be extend

String interview questions


Q152 A string class is immutable or mutable?
String class is immutable that’s the reason once its object gets created, it cannot be changed further.

Q153. Difference between StringBuffer and StringBuilder class?
1) StringBuffer is thread-safe but StringBuilder is not thread safe.
2) StringBuilder is faster than StringBuffer.
3) StringBuffer is synchronized whereas StringBuilder is not synchronized.

Q154. What is toString() method in Java?
The toString() method returns the string representation of any object.

Q155. A person says that he compiled a java class successfully without even having a main method in it? Is it possible?

Ans: main method is an entry point of Java class and is required for execution of the program however; a class gets compiled successfully even if it doesn’t have a main method. It can’t be run though.

Q156.  Can we call a non-static method from inside a static method?

Ans: Non-Static methods are owned by objects of a class and have object level scope and in order to call the non-Static methods from a static block (like from a static main method), an object of the class needs to be created first. Then using object reference, these methods can be invoked.

Q157. What are the two environment variables that must be set in order to run any Java programs?

Ans: Java programs can be executed in a machine only once following two environment variables have been properly set:

  1. PATH variable
  2. CLASSPATH variable

Q158. Can variables be used in Java without initialization?

Ans: In Java, if a variable is used in a code without prior initialization by a valid value, program doesn’t compile and gives an error as no default value is assigned to variables in Java.

Q159. Can a class in Java be inherited from more than one class?

Ans: In Java, a class can be derived from only one class and not from multiple classes. Multiple inheritances is not supported by Java.

Q160. Can a constructor have different name than a Class name in Java?

Ans: Constructor in Java must have same name as the class name and if the name is different, it doesn’t act as a constructor and compiler thinks of it as a normal method.

Q161. What will be the output of Round(3.7) and Ceil(3.7)?

Ans: Round(3.7) returns 4 and  Ceil(3.7) returns 4.

Q162: Can we use goto in Java to go to a particular line?

Ans: In Java, there is not goto keyword and java doesn’t support this feature of going to a particular labeled line.

Q163. Can a dead thread be started again?

Ans: In java, a thread which is in dead state can’t be started again. There is no way to restart a dead thread.

Q164. Is the following class declaration correct?



Ans: The above class declaration is incorrect as an abstract class can’t be declared as Final.

Java collections interview questions

Q165. What is List?
Elements can be inserted or accessed by their position in the list, using a zero-based index.
A list may contain duplicate elements.

Q166. What is Map?
Map interface maps unique keys to values. A key is an object that we use to retrieve a value later. A map cannot contain duplicate keys: Each key can map to at most one value.

Q167. What is Set?
A Set is a Collection that cannot contain duplicate elements.

Q168. Why ArrayList is better than Arrays?
Array can hold fixed number of elements. ArrayList can grow dynamically.

Q169. What is the difference between ArrayList and LinkedList?
1) LinkedList store elements within a doubly-linked list data structure. ArrayList store elements within a dynamically resizing array.
2) LinkedList is preferred for add and update operations while ArrayList is a good choice for search operations.

Q170. For addition and deletion. Which one is most preferred: ArrayList or LinkedList?
LinkedList. Because deleting or adding a node in LinkedList is faster than ArrayList.

Q171. For searches. Which one is most preferred: ArrayList or LinkedList?
ArrayList. Searching an element is faster in ArrayList compared to LinkedList.

Q172. What is the difference between ArrayList and Vector?
1) Vector is synchronized while ArrayList is not synchronized.
2) By default, Vector doubles the size of its array when it is re-sized internally. ArrayList increases by half of its size when it is re-sized.

Q173. What is the difference between Iterator and ListIterator?
Following are the major differences between them:
1) Iterator can be used for traversing Set, List and Map. ListIterator can only be used for traversing a List.
2) We can traverse only in forward direction using Iterator. ListIterator can be used for traversing in both the directions(forward and backward).

Q174. Difference between TreeSet and SortedSet?
TreeSet implements SortedSet interface.

Q175. What is the difference between HashMap and Hashtable?
1) Hashtable is synchronized. HashMap is not synchronized.
2) Hashtable does not allow null keys or values. HashMap allows one null key and any number of null values.

Q176. Is JDK required on each machine to run a Java program?

Ans: JDK is development Kit of Java and is required for development only and to run a Java program on a machine, JDK isn’t required. Only JRE is required.

Q177. What’s the difference between comparison done by equals method and == operator?

Ans: In Java, equals() method is used to compare the contents of two string objects and returns true if the two have same value while == operator compares the references of two string objects.

In the following example, equals() returns true as the two string objects have same values. However == operator returns false as both string objects are referencing to different objects:


Q178. Is it possible to define a method in Java class but provide it’s implementation in the code of another language like C?

Ans: Yes, we can do this by use of native methods. In case of native method based development, we define public static methods in our Java class without its implementation and then implementation is done in another language like C separately.

Q179.  How destructors are defined in Java?

Ans: In Java, there are no destructors defined in the class as there is no need to do so. Java has its own garbage collection mechanism which does the job automatically by destroying the objects when no longer referenced.

Q180. Can a variable be local and static at the same time?

Ans:  No a variable can’t be static as well as local at the same time. Defining a local variable as static gives compilation error.

Q181. Can we have static methods in an Interface?

Ans: Static methods can’t be overridden in any class while any methods in an interface are by default abstract and are supposed to be implemented in the classes being implementing the interface. So it makes no sense to have static methods in an interface in Java.

Q182. What is the difference between Iterator and Enumeration?
1) Iterator allows to remove elements from the underlying collection during the iteration using its remove() method. We cannot add/remove elements from a collection when using enumerator.
2) Iterator has improved method names.
Enumeration.hasMoreElement() -> Iterator.hasNext()
Enumeration.nextElement() ->

Q183. In a class implementing an interface, can we change the value of any variable defined in the interface?

Ans: No, we can’t change the value of any variable of an interface in the implementing class as all variables defined in the interface are by default public, static and Final and final variables are like constants which can’t be changed later.

Q184. Is it correct to say that due to garbage collection feature in Java, a java program never goes out of memory?

Ans: Even though automatic garbage collection is provided by Java, it doesn’t ensure that a Java program will not go out of memory as there is a possibility that creation of Java objects is being done at a faster pace compared to garbage collection resulting in filling of all the available memory resources.

So, garbage collection helps in reducing the chances of a program going out of memory but it doesn’t ensure that.

Q185. Can we have any other return type than void for main method?

Ans: No, Java class main method can have only void return type for the program to get successfully executed.

Nonetheless , if you absolutely must return a value to at the completion of main method , you can use System.exit(int status)

Q186. I want to re-reach and use an object once it has been garbage collected. How it’s possible?

Ans: Once an object has been destroyed by garbage collector, it no longer exists on the heap and it can’t be accessed again. There is no way to reference it again.

Q187. In Java thread programming, which method is a must implementation for all threads?

Ans: Run() is a method of Runnable interface that must be implemented by all threads.

Q188. I want to control database connections in my program and want that only one thread should be able to make database connection at a time. How can I implement this logic?

Ans: This can be implemented by use of the concept of synchronization. Database related code can be placed in a method which hs synchronized keyword so that only one thread can access it at a time.

Q189. How can an exception be thrown manually by a programmer?

Ans: In order to throw an exception in a block of code manually, throw keyword is used. Then this exception is caught and handled in the catch block.


Q190.  I want my class to be developed in such a way that no other class (even derived class) can create its objects. How can I do so?

Ans: If we declare the constructor of a class as private, it will not be accessible by any other class and hence, no other class will be able to instantiate it and formation of its object will be limited to itself only.

Q191. How do you do file I/O from an applet?
Unsigned applets are simply not allowed to read or write files on the local file system .

Unsigned applets can, however, read (but not write) non-class files bundled with your applet on the server, called resource files

Q192. What is container ?
A component capable of holding another component is called as container.


  1. Flow Layout is default for panel.
  2. Border Layout is default for Frames.

Q193. On Windows, generally frames are invisible, how to make it visible. ?

Frame f = new Frame();
f.setSize(300,200);  //height and width
f.setVisible(true) ;  // Frames appears

Q194. JFC – Java Foundation Class
Drag and Drop

Learning) Listeners and Methods?
ActionListerner – actionPerformed();
ItemListerner – itemStateChanged();
TextListener – textValueChanged();
FocusListener – focusLost(); & FocusGained();

WindowListener – windowActified(); windowDEactified(); windowIconified(); windowDeiconified(); windowClosed(); windowClosing(); windowOpened();

MouseMotionListener – mouseDragged(); & mouseMoved();

MouseListener – mousePressed(); mouseReleased(); mouseEntered(); mouseExited(); mouseClicked();

parseInt – to convert string to int.
getBytes – string to byte array

Q195. Applet Life cycle?
Following stage of any applets life cycle, starts with init(), start(), paint(), stop() and destroy().

Q196. showStatus() ?–
To display the message at the bottom of the browser when applet is started.

Q197. What is the Event handling?
Is irrespective of any component, if any action performed/done on Frame, Panel or on window, handling those actions are called Event Handling.

Q198. How objects are stored in Java?

Ans: In java, each object when created gets a memory space from a heap. When an object is destroyed by a garbage collector, the space allocated to it from the heap is re-allocated to the heap and becomes available for any new objects.

Q199. How can we find the actual size of an object on the heap?

Ans: In java, there is no way to find out the exact size of an object on the heap.

Q200. Which of the following classes will have more memory allocated?

Class A: Three methods, four variables, no object

Class B: Five methods, three variables, no object

Ans:  Memory isn’t allocated before creation of objects. Since for both classes, there are no objects created so no memory is allocated on heap for any class.

Q201. What happens if an exception is not handled in a program?

Ans: If an exception is not handled in a program using try catch blocks, program gets aborted and no statement executes after the statement which caused exception throwing.

Q202.  I have multiple constructors defined in a class. Is it possible to call a constructor from another constructor’s body?

Ans: If a class has multiple constructors, it’s possible to call one constructor from the body of another one using this().

Q203. What’s meant by anonymous class?

Ans: An anonymous class is a class defined without any name in a single line of code using new keyword.

For example, in below code we have defined an anonymous class in one line of code:



Q204. Is there a way to increase the size of an array after its declaration?

Ans: Arrays are static and once we have specified its size, we can’t change it. If we want to use such collections where we may require a change of size ( no of items), we should prefer vector over array.

Q205. If an application has multiple classes in it, is it okay to have a main method in more than one class?

Ans:  If there is main method in more than one classes in a java application, it won’t cause any issue as entry point for any application will be a specific class and code will start from the main method of that particular class only.

Q206. I want to persist data of objects for later use. What’s the best approach to do so?

Ans: The best way to persist data for future use is to use the concept of serialization.

Q207. What is a Local class in Java?

Ans: In Java, if we define a new class inside a particular block, it’s called a local class. Such a class has local scope and isn’t usable outside the block where its defined.

Q208. String and StringBuffer both represent String objects. Can we compare String and StringBuffer in Java?

Ans: Although String and StringBuffer both represent String objects, we can’t compare them with each other and if we try to compare them, we get an error.

Q209. Which API is provided by Java for operations on set of objects?

Ans: Java provides a Collection API which provides many useful methods which can be applied on a set of objects. Some of the important classes provided by Collection API include ArrayList, HashMap, TreeSet and TreeMap.

Q210. Can we cast any other type to Boolean Type with type casting?

Ans: No, we can neither cast any other primitive type to Boolean data type nor can cast Boolean data type to any other primitive data type.

Q211. What is Adapter class?
Adapter class is an abstract class.

Advantage of adapter: To perform any window listener, we need to include all the methods used by the window listener whether we use those methods are not in our class like Interfaces whereas with adapter class, its sufficient to include only the methods required to override. Straight opposite to Interface.

Q212.  Can we use different return types for methods when overridden?

Ans: The basic requirement of method overriding in Java is that the overridden method should have same name,  and parameters.But a method can be overridden with a different return type as long as the new return type extends the original.

For example , method is returning a reference type.


Q213. What’s the base class of all exception classes?

Ans: In Java, Java.lang.Throwable is the super class of all exception classes and all exception classes are derived from this base class.

Q214. What’s the order of call of constructors in inheritiance?

Ans: In case of inheritance, when a new object of a derived class is created, first the constructor of the super class is invoked and then the constructor of the derived class is invoked.


Q215. Explain public static void main(String args[]).

public : Public is an access modifier, which is used to specify who can access this method. Public means that this Method will be accessible by any Class.

static : It is a keyword in java which identifies it is class based i.e it can be accessed without creating the instance of a Class.

void : It is the return type of the method. Void defines the method which will not return any value.

main: It is the name of the method which is searched by JVM as a starting point for an application with a particular signature only. It is the method where the main execution occurs.

String args[] : It is the parameter passed to the main method.

Q216. Explain JVM, JRE and JDK?

JVM (Java Virtual Machine): It is an abstract machine. It is a specification that provides run-time environment in which java bytecode can be executed. It follows three notations:

  • Specification: It is a document that describes the implementation of the Java virtual machine. It is provided by Sun and other companies.
  • Implementation: It is a program that meets the requirements of JVM specification.
  • Runtime Instance: An instance of JVM is created whenever you write a java command on the command prompt and run the class.

JRE (Java Runtime Environment) : JRE refers to a runtime environment in which java bytecode can be executed. It implements the JVM (Java Virtual Machine) and provides all the class libraries and other support files that JVM uses at runtime. So JRE is a software package that contains what is required to run a Java program. Basically, it’s an implementation of the JVM which physically exists.

JDK(Java Development Kit) : It is the tool necessary to compile, document and package Java programs. The JDK completely includes JRE which contains tools for Java programmers. The Java Development Kit is provided free of charge. Along with JRE, it includes an interpreter/loader, a compiler (javac), an archiver (jar), a documentation generator (javadoc) and other tools needed in Java development. In short, it contains JRE + development tools.

Refer to this below image and understand how exactly these components reside:

Components - Java Interview Questions - Edureka

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Learn the foundations of HTML, CSS & JavaScript from experts. Solidify your learning with examples!

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Not for nothing is it said and believed that example based learning is among the most effective forms of learning. When an instructor offers an example of an object or situation of daily use or occurrence, we find it a lot easier to associate the example with the learning.

It takes a special ability to relate technical courses with examples, but that is exactly what our experts at this course on the foundations of HTML, CSS and JavaScript, Loonycorn, will do.

Why do HTML, CSS and JavaScript not have many takers? It is because new learners of HTML, CSS and JavaScript think that it is easier to get things done with these technologies without having to soil their shirts, so to speak. In other words, when these technologies can do most of the things that users want, why spend time on understanding how it is done, so goes the thinking.

Learn the foundations of HTML, CSS & JavaScript from experts

Well, this approach may seem smart and timesaving, but it is not practical over the long haul. Firstly, as technologies get upgraded, such superficial users find it difficult to keep up, because their fundamentals are weak. Secondly, JavaScript and CSS are quite complex, so a firm understanding of the fundamentals is called for. Imparting a firm understanding of these basics is the aim of a course on the foundations of HTML, CSS and JavaScript from Simpliv.

Teaching by example

This course on the foundations of HTML, CSS and JavaScript epitomizes the concept of learning by example. What else does one say about a course that offers a whopping 75 examples! The aim with which Simpliv, a leading video library platform based in Fremont, CA, which offers learning and teaching on a wide variety of subjects and topics in both the IT and non-IT areas, is offering this course on the foundations of HTML, CSS and JavaScript is to help learners get to the root of the topic, so that whatever is taught not only gets grasped easily; it also stays in the mind.

What is this course on the foundations of HTML, CSS and JavaScript about?


Simpliv is offering this course on the foundations of HTML, CSS and JavaScript to impart and reinforce learning on these topics. It helps learners avoid the short cut to learning the way these technologies work, rather giving them an understanding of the logic behind these technologies. There will be as many as 55 examples in JavaScript and another 20 in html/CSS.

The experts at this course on the foundations of HTML, CSS and JavaScript, who collectively call themselves Loonycorn, are Stanford graduates who have worked at Google, Microsoft and Flipkart before setting up a small, self-funded teaching program. This course on the foundations of HTML, CSS and JavaScript will offer complete understanding of concepts and tools such as:

For whom is this course on the foundations of HTML, CSS and JavaScript suited?

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While this course on the foundations of HTML, CSS and JavaScript is not about JavaScript frameworks, because of which it is not suited for someone looking to learn JavaScript frameworks such as jQuery, Angular or Node.js; it is ideally suited for those who have just begun Java web programming, and wish to learn HTML and CSS from ground up.

This course on the foundations of HTML, CSS and JavaScript is for those who want to learn JavaScript the right way. Those who may have some idea of JavaScript programming, but lack the confidence of using advanced features such as closures or dynamic prototyping will find this course on the foundations of HTML, CSS and JavaScript useful.

Any Java, C#, Python or C++ programmer who wants to master JavaScript will also find this course on the foundations of HTML, CSS and JavaScript valuable.

Requirements for taking up Simpliv’s course on the foundations of HTML, CSS and JavaScript

Loonycorn expects learners of this course on the foundations of HTML, CSS and JavaScript to have nothing more than a modern browser and a simple text editor to take up this course. A little experience in programming does help, because those who are complete novices could find the second part of this course on the foundations of HTML, CSS and JavaScript -that on JavaScript-challenging.

So, get ready, and get going for this course on the foundations of HTML, CSS and JavaScript!


Get a thorough heads up on data science and statistics using R

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R programming is used for data science and statistics. When it comes to explaining concepts related to data science and statistics using R; using examples and source code that demonstrate the language features of R is a great method of making a learner understand. This is the method that a course from Simpliv, on data science and statistics using R, will adapt.

Based in Fremont, CA, Simpliv is a popular video library platform for a wide range of both IT and non-IT courses for learners across the globe. This course on data science and statistics using R will be taught by Loonycorn, a team of experts from Stanford that has worked previously in companies as reputable as Google, Microsoft and Flipkart.

The highlight of this course on data science and statistics using R is the sheer variety and number of examples offered in it by the experts. These experts, who have collective experience of decades in the business analytics, quant trading, statistics and ecommerce areas, will fill these courses up with sufficient examples in a wide array of topics that range from A/B testing in an Internet company context to the Capital Asset Pricing Model in a quant finance context to make the learning thorough and deeply entrenched in the mind.

Moving from fundamentals to stronger concepts

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This course on data science and statistics using R is a thorough introduction to data science and statistics using R. It starts off by explaining fundamental concepts such as mean, median, etc., and then goes on to explain all aspects of the subject, from analyzing and preparing raw data to visualizing one’s findings.

This course on data science and statistics using R covers both the theoretical and practical aspects of statistical concepts using R. At this course on data science and statistics using R, Loonycorn will offer examples which help the learner to slice and dice data anywhere they like, as well as in vectors, arrays, matrices, lists and data frames.

Who all are suited for this course on data science and statistics using R?

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This course on data science and statistics using R is aimed at the following profiles of learners:

Learning offered at this course on data science and statistics using R

This course on data science and statistics using R will start from basics and will traverse on every aspect of R. As part of this course on data science and statistics using R; the experts will be installing R and RStudio, which learners will be using in most of the examples. Since Excel is used for one of the examples; this course on data science and statistics using R expects learners to have some basic knowledge of Excel.

This course on data science and statistics using R will offer learning on these areas:

The experts at this course on data science and statistics using R will supplement this understanding by taking up an interesting case study in quant trading to explain how to build linear models for the return of stocks in R.

What is covered in this course on data science and statistics using R?

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This course on data science and statistics using R specifically covers the following areas:

Data Analysis with R: Datatypes and Data structures in R, Vectors, Arrays, Matrices, Lists, Data Frames, Reading data from files, Aggregating, Sorting & Merging Data Frames

Linear Regression: Regression, Simple Linear Regression in Excel, Simple Linear Regression in R, Multiple Linear Regression in R, Categorical variables in regression, Robust regression, Parsing regression diagnostic plots, and comparison of using linear regression using Excel and linear regression using R.

Data Visualization in RLine plot, Scatter plot, Bar plot, Histogram, Scatterplot matrix, Heat map, Packages for Data Visualization: Rcolorbrewer, ggplot2

Descriptive Statistics: Mean, Median, Mode, IQR, Standard Deviation, Frequency Distributions, Histograms, Boxplots

Inferential Statistics: Random Variables, Probability Distributions, Uniform Distribution, Normal Distribution, Sampling, Sampling Distribution, Hypothesis testing, Test statistic, Test of significance.


Gain thorough knowledge of how to use PHP to build dynamic websites

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Websites have come a long way from their early days. We no longer expect people to be satisfied with drab and static websites. Users expect websites to be dynamic, interactive and personalized. PHP is a great tool to making websites all these.

A course on how to use PHP to build dynamic websites will offer this learning in a super-practical manner. The course is being offered by Simpliv, a highly renowned platform that facilitates learning on an unimaginably vast spread of subjects in both the IT and non-IT areas. based in Fremont, CA; Simpliv is a dream collection of video libraries that brings experts in respective areas from around the world.

This course on using PHP to build dynamic websites will be taught with an array of relevant examples in the related fields, which is done to foster quicker and practical learning. These examples are a great tool to help learners associate what they are learning with real life scenarios. Loonycorn, a bunch of ex-Google, ex-Microsoft and ex-Flipkart Stanford products, will be teaching the nitty-gritty of how to use PHP to build dynamic websites.

Practical all along

PHP to build dynamic websites

This course on using PHP to build dynamic websites is highly practical. It does not restrict itself to anything that is remotely pedantic. It will start with basic PHP constructs. This learning is built on the premise that the learners have done absolutely no programming earlier to taking up this course on how to use PHP to build dynamic websites.

This course will soon move on to webform handling, where the learner will take up an input data in a webform, sanitize and validate it, and then send emails. The extensive setups required for all these is covered in this course on how to use PHP to build dynamic websites.

As is well-known, security on the web is a major concern for everyone concerned. This course on using PHP to build dynamic websites will introduce the learner briefly to this aspect, where concepts such as cross-site scripting and cross-site request forgery and related ones and how to handle these are taught.

This course on how to use PHP to build dynamic websites will also familiarize learners with PHP and MySQL, and how they integrate with each other. Learners will also be taught to build a login authentication system using MySQL. Advanced PHP constructs such as object-oriented PHP will be explained at this course on how to use PHP to build dynamic websites.

So, who is this course on how to use PHP to build dynamic websites for?

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This course on using PHP to build dynamic websites is meant for anyone who wants to build a website and carry out advanced web development. So, this course on how to use PHP to build dynamic websites does not expect a learner to carry a whole lot of knowledge of programming. However, some basic knowledge of html, CSS and SQL goes some way in helping to understand concepts better and faster, although this is not a prerequisite.

What is taught at this course on using PHP to build dynamic websites?

This course on how to use PHP to build dynamic websites will teach learners all the important elements of PHP and website development. These include:

The course syllabus

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This course on how to use PHP to build dynamic websites will cover the following syllabus:

  • Installing and setting up a basic web server with PHP
  • Web security basics: validating and sanitizing user input data. Web forms, mitigating XSS and XSRF attacks
  • MySQL Integration and Installation: Connecting to a database, running queries, processing results, prepared statements. Easy integration with MySQL so it’s dead simple to work with databases for permanent data storage
  • Cookies, Sessions and the differences between them, using sessions without cookies
  • End to end login authentication
  • Object oriented PHP, classes, inheritance, polymorphism
  • GET, POST and other superglobals.

What could be a better time to enroll for this valuable course on using PHP to build dynamic websites, than now!

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Simpliv makes Java possible and accessible for everyone. Learn to code in Java!

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For the nontechnical, layman, is there any use from learning to program in Java? You’ll be surprised to hear this: Java can be of immense use to people in a wide variety of professions that are totally nontechnical and seemingly unconnected to technology, such as painters, lawyers, accountants, arts majors, etc.!

Want to explore Java at a level that is suitable to those in any of these and related professions? Then, Simpliv has an appropriately designed course for you. It has created the course entitled, “From 0 to 1: Learn Java Programming” for the benefit of the non-Java professional.

So, why should Java programming be learnt by professionals and laypersons who are not related to it in any way? That is the beauty of this From 0 to 1: Learn Java Programming course from Simpliv. Simpliv is dedicated to making learning of all possible varieties and types to simply everyone. It does not distinguish between layperson and professional. It does not require learners to be experienced at some field, belong to a certain class or category of people, race or complexion, and does not require people to have deep pockets! This is the noble intention with which Simpliv has designed its business model. Its philosophy is simple: no person should feel wanting when it comes to acquiring education.

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The experts of this From 0 to 1: Learn Java Programming course are an experienced husband-wife pair who call their team Loonycorn. With rich experience of having worked at Google, Microsoft and Flipkart, this Stanford-educated couple makes a great pair at teaching technologies, their new career pursuit. It is their endeavor, like Simpliv’s, to spread the magic of technology to as many people as possible, whether they are from a technical background or otherwise. It is for this reason that they have designed this From 0 to 1: Learn Java Programming, with which they seek to impart learning about Java programming to the common person, so that the full benefits of this wonderful program can be put to use in their daily lives.

Being designed for anyone with nothing more than just a fleeting interest in Java programming, this Simpliv course, From 0 to 1: Learn Java Programming requires just no prior knowledge of Java. If they have some prior experience in any kind of programming, but are looking to learn Java, this is a great course for them. yet, we must warn you! The experts at the From 0 to 1: Learn Java Programming course are serious about raising the proficiency level of novices, so don’t take this course too lightly! You have to prepare yourself to go from zero to intermediate level, so be prepared for a few tough sessions.

But don’t let this deter you. This From 0 to 1: Learn Java Programming is from experts who know what it takes to keep the interest levels in the learners up. so, this is going to be real fun. The examples they offer to make your learning easier are those that you can relate to easily in real life. add to this the soundtrack effect and the artwork that will ignite your cognizant and artistic mind, and you have a course that is as exciting as it can get! So, should we emphasize that this From 0 to 1: Learn Java Programming is not for experienced Java programmers?


The syllabus at this From 0 to 1: Learn Java Programming course is designed to make it easier for you to understand the elements of Java programming at the level set out in this course. From 0 to 1: Learn Java Programming has the following syllabus:

Algorithms in Java made

  • Programming Basics
  • The Object-Oriented Paradigm
  • Threading and Concurrency
  • Reflection, Annotations
  • Lambda Functions
  • Modern Java constructs
  • Packages and Jars

Javascript Testing Selenium

  • Language Features:
  • Serialization
  • Design
  • Swing
  • Programming Drills (code-alongs, with source code included)
  • A daily stock quote summarizer: scrapes the internet, does some calculations, and outputs a nice, formatted Excel spreadsheet.
  • Support with choosing a programming environment; downloading and setting up IntelliJ.
  • Simple hello-world style programs in functional, imperative and object-oriented paradigms.
  • Maps, lists, arrays. Creating, instantiating and using objects, interfaces
  • A News Curation app to summarize newspaper articles into a concise email snippet using serious Swing programming

Java learning was never this easy and fun! Make this learning a great opportunity to enhance your knowledge and grow in your professions!


Make your podcast a perfect one. Simpliv teaches you how to get it right, all the time!

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A podcast is a valuable tool for broadcasting about yourself or your business. It is a strong medium to reach out to a lot of people. Usually, the audience knows why it wants to listen to you, and has its expectations from you. So, getting the podcast right is very important. This is what a course on podcasting essentials from Simpliv will impart!

When any learning you want to undertake is from Simpliv, you can rest assured that what you are going to get is the most current in terms of technology or best practices, because Simpliv has gained a great reputation for these qualities. Its courses are taught from experts who have spent many years in their respective professions. All the wealth of their experience that has been gained over all the years of their practice in their professions will be among the important benefits that you will get from Simpliv’s courses.

Learning on everything about podcasting

Simpliv is a Fremont, CA-based video libraries company that specializes in offering courses of the most expansive variety that one can think of. Whether IT or non-IT, Simpliv has courses for everyone. There is almost no topic of learning on which Simpliv’s courses are not available. There is a reason for which Simpliv’s courses are so very diverse and wide-ranging: it wants to educate every person on this planet! This is a noble intention, no doubt. It wants to make sure that no one is left out of the learning that every person rightly deserves. So, with absolutely no prejudice towards a person’s economic, social, national and cultural status; Simpliv offers courses that just anyone can take up.

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This course on podcasting essentials, as the nomenclature suggests, is meant to offer guidelines on all about podcasting. As we have just seen, a podcast is an important novelty in reaching out to more people. Unlike most other broadcast methods, a podcast is the most effective when it comes to being able to talk directly to your focused audience. You can relate a whole lot of ideas to your target audience with a podcast far more effectively than through most other mediums. A podcast, when made with the right tone and purpose, can be a wonderful tool for broadcasting your message across to larger populations.

The expert at this course on podcasting essentials from Simpliv is the well-known serial entrepreneur and communications professional, Lisa Newton. Few people are as well positioned as Lisa in explaining how to use technological tools for business. This has been one of the major activities she has been involved in from the time she started her business in 2004 with a capital of £150.

All the aspects of podcasting

This course on podcasting essentials is for anyone who wants to understand the whole concept of podcasting. Lisa does not require a learner to have any prior knowledge of this topic. She will start with the absolute basics and will take up more important aspects of podcasting as the course progresses. She will offer learning through very clear and easy-to-understand tips, right from formulating ideas of what to broadcast to how to select the media for submission and get the show going.

These are what you can expect to learn from Lisa at this course on podcasting essentials from Simpliv:

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Taking up and completing this course on podcasting essentials from Simpliv will put you right up there, where you want to be heard and seen. Lisa will also explain the right equipment to choose in the market to suit your needs, how to find your voiceover artists, and how to make a success of your podcast. This course on podcasting essentials from Simpliv gives you just whatever you need to make this happen. Don’t miss out on this very important learning!


Make great deals at buying property at auctions. Simpliv shows you how to get it right.

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Efficiency or lack of it at buying property at auctions can make or mar careers. Buying property at auctions is not the same as stockbroking, where fortunes are made and lost in a day. Buying property at auctions is a different ball game. In order to be successful at making great deals at buying property at auctions, one needs good horse sense, a good insight of the property market, intimate knowledge of the seller, and the ability to forecast the price rise potential of the property being bought.

Want to make a kill at property auctions? Expect professional, expert help from a course on how to buy property at auctions that is being offered by Simpliv, a platform for universal learning courses on any topic that a learner can think of. Simpliv is unique for being the most comprehensive collection of video libraries for the broadest areas of learning. Simply any course a learner wants to gain knowledge of, Simpliv makes available. It is driven by the passion to make education universal. Its passion is to leave just no person precluded from the power of technology in education.

Towards bringing high quality, affordable education to one and all, Simpliv has constituted a panel of experts who teach on absolutely any field of knowledge, IT or non-IT. So, all that a learner needs to have to take up a course from Simpliv is the desire to accumulate knowledge. Whether it is finance, IT, fine arts, spiritualty or public speaking, or just anything that one can think of, Simpliv has it all!

Learn from the expert of property auctions

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Now, on to the expert at this course from Simpliv on how to buy property at auctions: Let us introduce Lisa Newton, the expert at this course on how to buy property at auctions. Lisa is a serial entrepreneur, speaker, coach, networker and consultant who has deep interests in a variety of subjects that range from health and beauty products to investment banking to telecom and publishing. As a high achiever in these areas, she sits on the Board of Directors of many companies associated with these businesses. Lisa is also an author. Her books have included many areas of business that range from finance and franchise.

Taking part in how to buy property at auctions is quite an art. It is something that has to be learnt over time, from the right person, and with the right learning. Lisa fits the bill perfectly for matching these criteria, having ran a property auction company. She will share the experiences she gained there, at this course on how to buy property at auctions. She will show what to do and what not to, and all these will be from her own experiences. This learning will be reinforced through a series of case studies that are drawn from real life experiences, and not just culled from academic sources. All these make this course on how to buy property at auctions very real-life and hands-on.

Making an expert out of a novice at property buying

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This course on how to buy property at auctions is targeted at the fresh learner. Lisa’s aim is to take such learners a few notches higher and take them to a level of proficiency. After taking up this course on how to buy property at auctions and applying the learning gained from it; learners will be able to handle their property buying on their own. They will be able to take keen decisions related to this activity, as this course will give them the ken to avoid making blunders at this crucial, investment-heavy activity.

At this course on how to buy property at auctions, Lisa will impart learning on all areas of buying property at auctions. These include:

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Cracking the programmer interview

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Attending and succeeding at an interview is the first step to landing a job of a programmer. This much is well-known, but making it past the interview is where the real challenge lies for a programmer. Why? Because cracking the programmer interview is a real tough prospect, even for seasoned programmers.

The reasons for which cracking the programmer interview is tough are many. Some of these are:

  • The program that you write at the interview may not be anything like one you have written in real life
  • There is no QA person to certify and stamp the accuracy and veracity of the program you have written at the interview
  • It is not always easy to write a functional program under the constant gaze of the interviewer’s eyes
  • No programmer is perhaps used to being asked so many questions about the rationale for a program. In real life, a programmer is seldom asked to explain the reason behind every line of program that is written.

Get trained on cracking the programmer interview

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So, how does one go about cracking the programmer interview? All these facts about cracking the programmer interview should not deter or intimidate you. A course from Simpliv on how to get the elements of cracking the programmer interview right will explain all the issues related to how to crack the programmer interview.

Simpliv is a reputable platform for that brings courses of almost all areas of human knowledge, whether of IT or non-IT related areas, together. This video library brings together many experts in their respective areas from around the globe to teach these subjects. Simpliv has created this video library courses platform because of its firm conviction that no subject or topic should be outside the purview or reach of the interested learner, no matter in which part of the world where she is located.

This course will feature Janani Ravi of the famed Loonycorn team as the expert. Janani is an experienced technical professional who worked at Microsoft, Google and Flipkart before branching out to pursue her love of teaching. At this course, this Harvard graduate will explain what it takes to crack the programmer interview with practical examples.

Janani will explain how to get the whole programming task right at the interview. This is important for cracking the programmer interview because no two programs are alike, and the program that you are required to demonstrate at the interview may not be one that you have written in all your years of working as a programmer.

Get your fundamentals right, and practice them day in and day out

No matter which level of seniority a programmer is taking the interview for, it is important to bear in mind that practice is the most important foundation to cracking the programmer interview. The interview should leave no loose ends in even a single line, which is why it is absolutely necessary to practice programming in and out for cracking the programmer interview.

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This should be done repeatedly and persistently to such an extent that attention to the smallest detail becomes ingrained into the system to a point where one does not need to consciously think about it and give attention to it. This is one of the major aspects of cracking the programmer interview.

Who is this course on cracking the programmer interview for?

  • This course from Simpliv on cracking the programmer interview is meant for fresh engineers who are just out of their engineering course and are about to start a software engineering career
  • It is targeted at those who from a non-programming background who want to make it in programming
  • This course from Simpliv on cracking the programmer interview is also aimed at seasoned programmers who want to brush up their programming skills, so that they could come handy at an interview they might be required to attend at short notice.


This Simpliv course on cracking the programmer interview will cover the following syllabus:

  • Pointers
  • Strings
  • Linked lists
  • Bit Manipulation
  • Sorting and searching algorithms
  • Recursion
  • Data Structures
  • Step-by-step solutions to dozens of common programming problems.

Don’t let the prospect of attending a job interview unnerve you! Take up this course on crack the programmer interview, and come up trumps to land the job of your dreams!


Course on Design Patterns – 24 That Matter – In Java

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Design patterns are critical in Java. Design patterns are best taught, and that learning reinforced, through examples. This simple, yet powerful method of imparting understanding of design patterns Java will be taught at a course on design patterns – 24 that matter – in Java from Simpliv.

Simpliv, the ultimate platform of video libraries that offers learning on simply any course that one can think of -whether IT or non-IT, will bring this course to you at your convenience. You can take it up and complete it at your pace and level of comfort. Simpliv makes it possible for any learner under the sun, so to speak, to be able to take up simply any course of her liking, at any point of time in her life, no matter whether she is located in New York or in Nigeria.

The instructors at this course on design patterns – 24 that matter – in Java are the respectable husband-wife pair of Stanford-educated ex-Google and ex-Microsoft employees, which calls itself Loonycorn. What makes this course on design patterns – 24 that matter – in Java special and different is the emphasis on examples. This course will draw from examples at every stage and step. There will be no fewer than 50 real world examples that will dot this course.

The course

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As the title suggests, this course on design patterns – 24 that matter – in Java will cover the 24 design patterns that matter in Java, and how! It will be replete with examples that learners can associate with from their own professions or lives, and will be presented in a very fun, interactive and extremely interesting manner.

For whom?

Designed for anyone from product managers to young engineers to computer science graduates to architects to tech executives to investors, this course on design patterns – 24 that matter – in Java will cover everything that goes into design patterns.

Learning objectives

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This course on design patterns – 24 that matter – in Java is designed to help engineers and coders, both those who pursue coding as a profession, and those who code for the fun of it, out of passion. The purpose of this course on design patterns – 24 that matter – in Java is to help the developer identify patterns within the program or find a design pattern that best is best suited to solve a problem. This course on design patterns – 24 that matter – in Java is also for those who will be required to use a design pattern partially.

Essentially, this course on design patterns – 24 that matter – in Java will help designers and programmers overcome the problem of being stuck in the nitty-gritty and thinking of the logical components of the code. The higher level of thinking needed for this will be a major learning outcome of this course on design patterns – 24 that matter – in Java. Because of this nature built into this course; it is useful for nontechnical persons, such as product managers, who can use the understanding of the higher-level components and how they interact with each other learnt at this course to have meaningful interactions with the engineers.

A detailed understanding of the differences between design patterns and frameworks, and their interaction with each other, will be explained at this course on design patterns – 24 that matter – in Java. In imparting this understanding, this course on design patterns – 24 that matter – in Java will derive from the seminal 1994 book on design patterns, namely, Design Patterns: Elements of Reusable Object-Oriented Software authored by the Gang of Four, consisting of Erich Gamma, Richard Helm, Ralph Johnson, and John Vlissides.


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This course on design patterns – 24 that matter – in Java will cover these core design patterns:

This course on design patterns – 24 that matter – in Java will also next traverse to the area of the Model-View Controller Paradigm, also considered an architectural pattern.

So, pick up your device and enroll now! This course on design patterns – 24 that matter – in Java is going to be a terrific value add to your career!


Machine learning made easy. With Simpliv, who else!

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Machine learning, despite being one of the highest paid areas of computer sciences, has gained a bad reputation for being tough on its learners. Why is this so? With due respect to the enormous contribution they have made to the field, some of the blame has to go to the practitioners and teachers of machine learning. Their making this subject esoteric has made it appear tough, while the reality is far from being so.

It is to dispel this misconception about machine learning being complex and to instill the love of machine learning that Simpliv, the ultimate platform for all kinds and varieties of IT and non-IT courses, will be organizing a course, entitled Machine Learning, NLP & Python-Cut to the Chase. This course on Machine Learning, NLP & Python is one of the innumerable courses on that Simpliv brings together about almost any subject known to the human mind together, under its video libraries. Simpliv believes that no barrier should exist to learning for anyone in this world. It seeks to bring courses of all subjects and topics to people in every part of the world, no matter what their level of formal learning is, or what their financial status or age are.

Removing the fear of machine learning

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This course on Machine Learning, NLP & Python will be a solid resource for professionals and learners of machine learning alike. This course is being imparted by Loonycorn, a husband-wife team of Stanford graduates who have worked at Google, Microsoft and Flipkart. Their collective experience runs into many decades. It is this experience that you can benefit from at this course on Machine Learning, NLP & Python.

Where this course on Machine Learning, NLP & Python differs is that it will, like all other courses from Loonycorn, throw up innumerable examples. This team has learnt, over the years of being in the industry, that nothing beats examples when it comes to implanting learning in the minds of learners. Towards embedding learning, this course on Machine Learning, NLP & Python will show a real-life example that learners can start with: detecting spam in inboxes. This example will show the superiority of machine intuitive learning to other modes of learning such as rule based techniques.

This course on Machine Learning, NLP & Python will then move on the the different categories of problems of machine learning, including:

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The ways by which to solve these problems will constitute the basis on which this course on Machine Learning, NLP & Python is built. It will move on to specific machine learning techniques such as:

  • Natural language processing (NLP)
  • Sentiment analysis
  • Tree based models
  • Ensemble learning
  • Recommendations
  • Deep learning.

This course on Machine Learning, NLP & Python will dig into the practical aspects of how to understand and solve these problems, implementing solutions with Python.

Learning objectives

The objective of this course on Machine Learning, NLP & Python is to help learners be able to identify problems involving machine learning and deploy the right solutions to their production systems using Machine Learning and Natural Language processing to solve problems like text classification, text summarization in Python.

For whom?

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This course on Machine Learning, NLP & Python is aimed at professionals in the areas of analytics, Big Data, or modeling. Learners could be either software engineers or product managers or tech executives who want to gain the knowledge needed to meaningfully and intelligently converse with their data scientists. Professionals who are familiar with statistics and could have used quantitative techniques before, but are not familiar with machine learning, will find this course on Machine Learning, NLP & Python useful.

This course on Machine Learning, NLP & Python will also help those professionals who want to phase out into more quant-focused roles or data science, or just anyone who is curious about machine learning.

Some amount of exposure and knowledge of mathematics is of use to those who want to take up this course on Machine Learning, NLP & Python.

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Data Structures and Algorithms in Java made simple. With Simpliv, of course!

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What better way to learn data structures and algorithms in Java for us visual humans than through the visual medium! Why is the visual medium important? Simple: because it is effective. We have heard the age-old adage of a picture being more effective than a thousand words, don’t we?

It is keeping this axiom in mind that Simpliv, a highly reputable online video library platform that offers courses on almost every subject that one can think of, will be teaching data structures and algorithms in Java using a very interesting visual and spatial method. This course on data structures and algorithms in Java is part of innumerable courses that Simpliv offers in both the IT and non-IT areas, which have made it a respected name in the online teaching industry globally.

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Keeping in mind that subjects such as data structures and algorithms are best learnt visually, this course on data structures and algorithms in Java will be offered in an animated, visual and spatial way. The experts at this course on data structures and algorithms in Java are a team of ex-Google, ex-Flipkart and ex-Microsoft employees who have graduated from Stanford. Going by the name of Loonycorn, this pair, comprising of Janani Ravi and Vitthal Srinivasan, this duo will give a thorough understanding of data structures and algorithms through a novel medium.

At this course on data structures and algorithms, Loonycorn will take up for discussion and explain the concepts relating to these among others:

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  • Data structures
  • Visualizing them
  • Understanding them
  • Understanding how they perform
  • Their time complexities
  • The amount of space they occupy to run, and much more

Busting the myth of data structures being difficult

Why many people find data structures difficult is that it is difficult to figure out how they actually work. In order to get these down to a comprehensible level, this course on data structures and algorithms use visualization, a powerful means, to unravel the complexities of data structures. The aim of this course on data structures and algorithms is to help learners understand the complexities in a simple manner. In fact, this course on data structures and algorithms is designed keeping the difficulty of the learner in mind, so that the entire concept gets down to becoming easy to master.

Coding is one thing, because many people are comfortable coding for any kind of program, but when it comes to problem solving or using the right data structures or the right algorithm, they somehow get stuck. This course on data structures and algorithms is designed to help such people overcome the difficulty associated with all these elements. Loonycorn will make data structures and algorithms easy for anyone, be they a novice or an experienced software engineer.

Who is this course on data structures and algorithms for?

Machine Learning Classification Algorithms using MATLAB

This course on data structures and algorithms is for anyone who has anything from a fleeting interest in data structures and algorithms to a professional who wants to refresh her understanding of these subjects to get more out of these in her career.


Since it is Java based, this course on data structures and algorithms requires a sound grasp of the Java program.

The learning

This course on data structures and algorithms will offer learning on how to visualize, and in fact, really artistically imagine – the common data structures, and the algorithms applied to them. It will help them pick the correct tool for the job, so that they understand how to correctly identify which data structure or algorithm makes sense in a particular situation. This course on data structures and algorithms will also give learners the learning needed to calculate the time and space complexity of code, which will really help understand the nuances of the performance aspects of code.

The syllabi

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This course on data structures and algorithms is designed to cover everything that learners will need to complete their learning on data structures and algorithms. These include:

  • Big-O notation and complexity
  • Stacks
  • Queues
  • Trees
  • Heaps
  • Graphs and Graph Algorithms
  • Linked lists
  • Sorting



Arts therapy raises your self to a higher plane. Make it possible with Simpliv’s course on arts therapy for greater understanding of the self

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Arts therapy is a non-allopathic, nontechnical mode of healing. It uses the alternative method of healing ailments, taking a humane and spiritual route. Arts therapy is known to be very effective at helping to manage major diseases. The mode by which arts therapy works is by healing the source of all diseases: the mind.

The mind, as we know, is very complex and inscrutable. Yet, while most diseases originate in the mind, being mostly products of stress that the mind is subject to, the same mind can also be tuned and oriented toward healing. Doing so through art is the essence of arts therapy.

A course on arts therapy is the right prescription for those of you who want to find remedy for many of your physical and mental ailments, as well as those who want to master it and use its techniques to help others overcome their fears and anxieties, which is at the root of most problems of the body. It is meant for those who want to get deeper into their self and explore it for healing.

A fabulous opportunity to learn art therapy to heal the mind


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Want to understand how to use arts therapy to make a difference to you or help you make a difference in other people’s lives? You need a course on arts therapy for greater understanding of the self. This is a completely professional course that is being offered by Simpliv, a popular platform for a wide range of both IT and non-IT courses. Simpliv offers very exhaustive video libraries to enable both teaching and learning these courses, with the intention of making education accessible to everyone under the sun.

Towards this effort, Simpliv has drawn up the expertise of Seery Libby for this course on arts therapy for greater understanding of the self. Libby is what one may consider the ultimate authority on psychotherapy. This globally popular expert psychotherapist, counsellor, therapeutic art practitioner and accredited CPD training provider is the Founder of Renaissance Life Therapies Training Academy, which offers courses in counselling, CBT and other areas of self-development. Her online courses are fully accredited with the CPD Standards Agency. She has trained over 60,000 students from 181 countries, and appears frequently on TV and radio.

To help oneself and others around them

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This course on arts therapy for greater understanding of the self is the fourth in a series of therapeutic art courses from Libby. While this course on arts therapy for greater understanding of the self gives a firm understanding of the concepts relating to the topic, it does not qualify a learner to become a professional arts therapist. It gives as much understanding of how to use arts therapy for greater understanding of the self as is necessary to bring about improvements in one’s life or in the lives of people around them.

So, what does this arts therapy for greater understanding of the self do? At its barest, it shows how to use art as a form of creative and therapeutic process of self-exploration which helps us improve our physical, mental, emotional and spiritual wellbeing. When one is able to express the depths of one’s mind through a creative endeavor such as arts therapy, it leads to a happier and healthier life.

Who is this arts therapy for greater understanding of the self for?

Simple: everyone. Everyone and anyone who wants to heal the mind using a creative activity like arts therapy is suited for this arts therapy for greater understanding of the self. All that is needed for taking up this arts therapy for greater understanding of the self is the interest and intention of using arts therapy as a means to promote one’s wellbeing or that of others. Libby is more than eager to teach:

Other benefits

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This course on arts therapy for greater understanding of the self comes with the other assorted benefits that an esteemed expert such as Libby brings into her courses. Take a look at what all perks this course on arts therapy for greater understanding of the self brings to you, the learner:

This is a wonderful time to uplift your very soul! This course on arts therapy for greater understanding of the self from Simpliv is just the right step towards it. Take the right step, now!


Learn to configure and use Azure Rights Management Services in Office 365 from the expert!

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Simpliv, a Fremont, CA-based platform that brings together learners and teachers from around the world to offer an extremely wide variety of both and IT and non-IT video libraries, is offering a course on Configuring and Using Azure Rights Management Services in Office 365 as part of its syllabus on Azure Rights Management Services.

This course on Configuring and Using Azure Rights Management Services in Office 365 is being taught by Nathan O’Bryan, an MS Cloud Architect with Insight. Nathan holds something like13 Microsoft certifications relating to IT systems and networks and is winner of half a dozen honors and awards from Microsoft, which constitute some of his accomplishments. Not surprisingly, Nathan has executed around a dozen high profile projects concerning Microsoft Exchange. Exchange, Office 365, Active Directory, Azure and Skype for Business, all of which are his areas of specializations.

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An eminent speaker and writer, Nathan regularly speaks at various important and prestigious IT conferences including IT/DEV Connections, Microsoft Ignite, and Collab365. Nathan also does webcasts for Redmond Magazine frequently, and is very active in Exchange and Office 365 communities, where he writes articles for several tech websites. His blog, is pretty popular among the tech community.

All about configuring and using Azure Rights Management Services

This course is all about configuring and using Azure Rights Management Services (RMS). Nathan has included as many as eight separate demonstrations of this technology being implemented and used. Nathan will not cover RMS on-premises, except where it is absolutely necessary, only when it is needed to compare and contrast its features.

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What is covered at this course on Configuring and Using Azure Rights Management Services in Office 365?

This course on Configuring and Using Azure Rights Management Services in Office 365 is a well-designed course from the expert on Azure RMS. Nathan will take participants through all the aspects of this topic. He will explain configuring and using Azure Rights Management Services in Office 365 through the following areas:


Since this course is on Configuring and Using Azure Rights Management Services in Office 365; the expert requires some level of understanding of Office 365 and Exchange Online.

What better opportunity to learn about RMS than through this course on Configuring and Using Azure Rights Management Services in Office 365? When you have the expert teaching you, this is something that is difficult to miss!

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