For anyone serious about pursuing and growing in a career in IT, a basic question that roils the mind is this: which is the best programming language to learn? Most people who want answers to this question tend to get slightly confused, because they would have heard about multiple languages, such as Java, Python, PHP, etc. It is in selecting that one truly apt programming language to learn that the challenge lies.
Even learners who are fully aware of the benefits of most programming languages are in a fix about choosing the one language they should learn, and also about the best ways to learn a programming language.
It is very important for the students to make the right choice from the start as it will take a lot of time and effort to master any given programming language. While selecting any programming language to learn, students need to consider few aspects such as:
- The difficulty level of a programming language you are willing to learn
- The skills you already know that align with a programming language
- Reasons you want to learn a programming language.
Every programming language has its advantages as well as disadvantages. A language that is perfectly suited for developing a certain types of applications might not fit for developing other types.
So, keeping the debate aside of which programming language is good to learn among all, here in the following discussion we will focus towards understanding what is Python programming language and what are its benefits. At a later stage of this blog, we will discuss different reasons to learn Python.
In the upcoming discussion we will focus on the following topics:
- What is Python?
- Python 2 VS Python 3
- History of Python
- Features of Python
- Reasons to learn Python in 2020
- Advantages of Python
- Applications of Python.
Initially, let us discuss what is Python
What is Python? This is one of the most asked questions these days in the technology space. The answer is, Python is one of the powerful programming languages that is high-level, open-source, and most commonly used for web development, scientific and mathematical application development, etc.
One of the great advantages of this programming language is it provides excellent library support and has a large developer community. It also provides easy integration with web services and GUI-based desktop applications.
Python is fast, easy-to-use and the most preferred programming language for developing projects by many companies such as YouTube, Instagram, Pinterest, and Quora, etc. Because of its excellent features, Python is considered an easy to learn programming language for beginners and is also sophisticated enough for experienced professionals to use.
Apart from web development and desktop app development, Python is extensively used in the Data Science field and is used for developing Machine Learning projects. Because of its huge popularity, many IT professionals are learning this programming language to build their career as a Python developer.
Python 2 v/s Python 3
Having understood what is Python, let us start exploring the different versions of Python, such as Python 2 and Python 3. Later we will look at the major differences between them.
Python 2: Python 2 has been the more popular version. This version released in the year 2000 and made the code development process very easy compared to its earlier versions. Python 2 is a more transparent and inclusive language development process than its earlier versions.
Python 2 has implemented technical details of Python Enhancement Proposal (PEP). Python 2.7 or Python 2.7.20 is the last version of Python 2 and is no longer under development and in the year 2020, it will be discontinued.
Different versions of Python and their release dates are as follows:
- Python 2.0 – October 16, 2000
- Python 2.1 – April 17, 2001
- Python 2.2 – December 21, 2001
- Python 2.3 – July 29, 2003
- Python 2.4 – November 30, 2004
- Python 2.5 – November 19, 2006
- Python 2.6 – October 1, 2008
- Python 2.7 – July 3, 2010
Image source: Guru99
Python 3: Python 3 is an improved version. It was released in the year December 2008. This version was released with the aim of fixing the errors that existed in Python 2. Many companies are switching towards Python 3 version. This version provides huge library support.
Different versions of Python 3 and release dates are as follows:
- Python 3.0 – December 3, 2008
- Python 3.1 – June 27, 2009
- Python 3.2 – February 10, 2011
- Python 3.3 – September 29, 2012
- Python 3.4 – March 16, 2014
- Python 3.5 – September 13, 2015
- Python 3.6 –December 23, 2016
- Python 3.7 – June 27, 2018
- Python 3.8.1 – December 18, 2019.
Some of the key differences between Python 2 VS Python 3:
The above description provides you some valuable information about the major differences between the Python 2 and Python 3 versions. Before you choose a particular version of Python to develop your project, it is recommended to be well aware of all the available packages you need or you want to use because both these versions have similar kinds of syntax but they are not entirely compatible.
Read here to continue in depth brief history of Python http://bit.ly/2SnXvbW